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History of Ljubljana

Legend about the City's Origin
Legend has it that Ljubljana was founded by the Greek mythological hero Jason and his companions, the Argonauts, who had stolen the golden fleece from King Aetes and fled from him across the Black Sea and up the Danube, Sava and Ljubljanica rivers.
They stopped at a large lake in the marsh near the source of the Ljubljanica, where they disassembled their ship to be able to carry it to the Adriatic Sea, put it together again, and return to Greece. The lake where they made a stop was the dwelling place of a monster. Jason fought the monster, defeated it and killed it. The monster, now referred to as the Ljubljana Dragon, found its place atop the castle tower on the Ljubljana coat of arms.

Ljubljana in dates
2000 BC: The earliest lake dwellings at the Ljubljana Marshes
1200 BC: The arrival of a new peoples, the bearers of the Urn Culture from the East
1000-700 BC: The first Illyrian and Veneti settlements
400 BC: The period of Celtic settlement
1st century BC: A Roman military stronghold is built on the site of the present Ljubljana
14 AD: Construction of the Roman settlement of Emona
600: Arrival of the Slavs, followed by the decline of the Roman Emona
800: The territory of Ljubljana falls under the rule of the Francs
1112-1125: Estimated date of origin of the first written record of Ljubljana
1243: Date of origin of the first written record mentioning Ljubljana as a city
1270: Ljubljana is conquered by the Czech king Premysl Otakar II
1278: Ljubljana passes under the rule of the Hapsburg dynasty, following the fall of King Premysl Otakar II
1335: Ljubljana becomes the capital of the Province of Carniola under the Hapsburg rule
1415: Ljubljana manages to withstand a Turkish invasion
1442: Ulrich II of Celje attacks Ljubljana using missile throwing machines
1461: The Ljubljana Diocese is founded and the Church of St. Nicholas becomes a cathedral
1504: Election of the first mayor of Ljubljana
1511: Ljubljana sees the first major earthquake
1536: Protestants establish a professional Latin school ranking as a gymnasium (secondary school)
1597: Arrival of Jesuits, who establish their own gymnasium two years later
1693: Foundation of Academia operosorum, an association of the Province of Carniola's notable scholars
1701: Foundation of Academia Philharmonicorum
1773-1781: Construction of the Gruber Canal (Gruberjev kanal) and Gruber Palace (Gruberjeva palača)
1754: The population amounts to 9,300 people
1797: Publication of the first newspaper in Slovenian
1809-1813: Ljubljana becomes the capital of the Illyrian Provinces
1821: Ljubljana hosts the Congress of the Holy Alliance
1849: Construction of the railway connecting Ljubljana to Vienna
1857: Construction of the railway connecting Ljubljana to Trieste
1861: Introduction of public gas lighting
1890: Construction of public waterworks
1895: Following a devastating earthquake, Ljubljana assumes a more modern appearance
1898: Introduction of public electric lighting
1901: Introduction of tram services in the streets of Ljubljana
1918: Establishment of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenians
1919: Foundation of the University of Ljubljana
1941: Beginning of Italian occupation
1942: Ljubljana is surrounded by a barb wire fence
1943: Beginning of German occupation
1945: Liberation of Ljubljana, the capital of the People's Republic of Slovenia within the Federative People's Republic of Yugoslavia
1958: The first Slovenian TV channel starts broadcasting regularly
1991: Ljubljana celebrates Slovenia's independence
2004: Slovenia joins the EU
2007 Introduction of euro.


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